About 97% of power generation installed capacities in Kosovo is based on two lignite fired power plants of KEK: Kosovo A (5 units) and Kosovo B (2 units). Total installed capacity of both plants is 1,478 MW, which could have been sufficient to fulfill current Kosovo’s demand for electricity if they were totally available. But, due to age, net generation capacity of these plants has been significantly reduced.
The current situation of electricity supply in Kosovo is not satisfactory, in different time periods there is lack of electricity imposing interruption of electricity for customers. Illegal use of electricity and use of electricity for heating, as well as the limited availability of power generation capacities doesn’t guarantee stable and sufficient electricity supply to all consumers.
The need for investment in electricity sector in Kosovo, particularly in electricity generation, requires restructuring of the sector, market liberalization and growth of competition in the electricity market.
In order to attain these objectives a number of measures are undertaken: amendments of the energy laws, approval of new market design and market rules. Such documents and the increased activities for their implementation will determine necessary measures to accommodate commercial arrangements in order to attract necessary domestic and foreign investments to develop the electricity sector in Kosovo.
Electricity consumption during 2015 ‐ 2024 will be met by domestic production and also by imports of electricity. In order to meet the growing demand in the country and potentially to export electricity surpluses, investments in the following projects are planned:
Development of two units in a new TPP “Kosova e Re” with installed capacity of about 2*300 MW. The first unit (300MW) is expected to be operational in 2020, while the second unit in 2021;
Construction of HPP Zhur in 2020. This project is considered very important for balancing and optimizing the work of the Power System;
Construction of small power generation units (mainly from RES) by private investors with planned capacities: about 240 MW ‐ small HPP, 165 MW – Wind turbines, 14 MW – biomass fired plants and 15 MW – solar (photovoltaic);
During 2014 there have been certain developments with respect to Kosova e Re project, resulting in evaluation of the bid for this project. TPP Kosova e Re will represent the main component of domestic electricity production on lignite ensuring the base energy for the system. ERO has been a participant in the steering committee and in the working group of the project.
Almost all consumption of oil products is covered by imports. Since Kosovo has no domestic oil sources nor oil pipelines or domestic production, oil products are imported mainly by trucks and to lesser extent by rail. Current oil legislation obliges all petroleum product storages and sale points to possess at least 5% of the storage capacity for state emergency purpose.
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